EXPOSITION : LEON JAUSSELY, SA VISION DE LA CAPITALE ANKARA
EXPOSITION : LEON JAUSSELY, SA VISION DE LA CAPITALE ANKARA
Exposition du 12 mars au 5 avril 2020 au Erimtan Arkeoloji ve Sanat Müzesi.
Exposition réalisée en collaboration avec l’Université de Bilkent, La Grande Agglomération d’Ankara, Erimtan Müzesi et l’Institut français de Turquie ; au début de la période républicaine, Ankara fut déclaré capitale; inspirée sur le style professionnel de l’architecte-urbaniste Leon Jaussely, l’exposition reflète cette histoire non réalisée qui s’est basée sur les informations et les documents concernant le concours d’urbanisme et de zonage de la ville de l’époque, avec des documents établies et compilées et d’études urbaines.
Les visuels utilisés pour cette exposition ont été recueilli aux Archives Nationales de France par l’artiste Aslı Gibidir pour son installation « Tasavvur (une vision de/imagination) » qui donne une idée de la conception d’Ankara selon Jaussely.
Exposition ouverte au public de 10h à 17h sauf les lundis au musée Erimtan de Kale.
COLLOQUE : LA NOUVELLE REPUBLIQUE ET ANKARA SELON LÉON JAUSSELY
Dans le cadre de cette exposition, un colloque aura lieu vendredi 20 mars à 13h30, il rassemblera des universitaires et des experts qui feront la lumière sur la vie de Jaussely et sur le projet du deuxième plan d’Urbanisme d’Ankara.
Nos attentes de ce colloque : tirer des leçons des premiers processus de développement urbain et du développement de la capitale Ankara et ses conclusions pour l’avenir, et en se posant de nouvelles questions.
Les intervenants :
- İlhan Tekeli, Orta Doğu Teknik Üniversitesi
- Bülent Batuman, Bilkent Üniversitesi
- Jean-François Pérouse, İstanbul Anadolu Araştırmaları Enstitüsü (IFEA)
- Sinan Logie, İstanbul Bilgi Üniversitesi
- Deniz Altay Baykan, Bilkent Üniversitesi
- Alexandre Kazerouni, École normale supérieure, Paris
Leon Jaussely and Ankara in the Early Republican Period
This international panel, with participations of outstanding academicians and researchers, will underline Jaussely’s professional career and evidently will highlight 1927 Competition on Master Planning of Ankara on which we have opened an exhibition at Archaeology and Art Museum of Erimtan last week. A daily journey on March 20, 2020 at Erimtan Museum in Ulus…
In a broad sense, we anticipate from this Panel to derive some lessons out of early Republican development process and master planning of Ankara, and to predict some outcomes for the future. It is a quick resume of reconsidering Ankara, urban planning, socio-spatial developments, planning history, and architecture.
Our keynote speaker İlhan Tekeli discusses what new questions might be that we expect from the Panel, and what kind of new paths can be defined while writing the planning history in our century. He questions future and process of master planning of the Capital City by filtering his life time academic, professional, and social experiences through lenses of Ankara.
Batuman focuses on roles of public space while new Ankara had been recreated during the Early Republican era. He discusses transformative social impacts, political capacities of a public space, and power of spatial identity. Batuman presents how politics of space and Republican identity of Ankara were evolved and questions how public space was reproduced in urban daily life till today.
Jean François Pérouse
“A Systematic Experience on Understanding/Interpreting Contributions of French Architects and Planners in Ankara of the Early Republican period” Pérouse aims at forming a holistic framework for all individual studies and efforts of French architects and planners during Ankara’s process of being capital city. He claims that business connections of diplomats, politicians, and professionals. Pérouse departs from French archives, being grounded on Jaussely, Leveau, Laprade and Lambert, and opens up a discussion on changing social context and working conditions of French
architect-urbanists in the Early Republican period.
‘’On the traces of European architects in Ankara’’ The foreign architect’s legacy in Ankara is an important cultural heritage, symbolizing the long-term exchanges between Europe and Turkey. By its geographical position, the territory of contemporary Turkey has been, for millennia, at the crossing of different civilizations and cultures. The historic sediments of these various and rich influences are embodied in various fields. Among them Architecture is probably one of the most preeminent, due to its duration through space and time. Effectively, from Antiquity to the byzantine period, or from the Ottoman architecture to the modern and contemporary architectures, the vast landscape witnesses the cultural exchanges between European Culture and the Eastern one. At the founding of the Turkish Republic, in 1923, Mustafa Kemal Atatürk strengthened the implementation of European cultural models. Basing the new constitution on the Swiss model, the founder of the Republic relocated the state’s capital from Istanbul to Ankara, marking an abrupt shift with the Ottoman tradition. In the line of the postworld war 1 nation states in Europe, the Monumental Modernist language became the dominant tool in urban planning and architecture. In this frame, Ankara’s first Master plans were designed by German professionals, in 1924 and 1932, respectively by Carl Christoph Lörcher (1884-1966) and Hermann Jansen (1869-1945). One of the most prolific personalities, of the republic’s early years in Ankara, is without doubt the
Austrian architect Clemens Holzmeister (1877-1956). Holzmeister’s work in Ankara includes16 buildings, among which we can underline the most, symbolic and iconic one: The Turkish Parliament (1938-1963). Around the 1930’s, due to the rise of Nazism in central Europe, many European architects immigrated to Turkey due to their political or religious positions. Beyond their imprint on Ankara’s urban fabric, these personalities also had key position in the Turkish Architectural academic system, and shaped an important part of the 20th Century’s architectural trajectory in Turkey.
Deniz Altay Baykan
“Jaussely vs Ankara …” Baykan mentions how initial idea of the exhibition and panel were come up, summarizes when her way crosses with Jaussely’s and Jaussely’s with Ankara where she had lived and done academic studies for years. Baykan follows and presents traces of Jaussely’s master plan proposal and context of 1920s while capital city had been founded, 1927 Competition in particular, for recent Ankara.
Urban Planning, Modernist Architecture and Social Change: Comparing Ankara and Tehran between 1925 and 1939. This presentation will aim an introducing comparison at a regional level, between Tehran and Ankara, during the period of time Jaussely proposed a plan for the Turkish capital city. It will stress some social dynamics happening in Tehran in link with the rise of a new modernist urbanism in the Iranian capital city, at that period of time that present formal similarities with Ankara. It will also sum up the current dynamics in Tehran that consists in preserving and transforming into national heritage or new public spaces the architectural traces of that period of modernist architectural experience.